Tuesday, June 28, 2011

Java - An introduction

Java is a programming language expressly designed for use in the distributed environment of the Internet. It was designed to have the "look and feel" of the C++ language, but it is simpler to use than C++ and enforces an object-oriented programming model.

The language derives much of its syntax from C and C++ but has a simpler object model and fewer low-level facilities. Java applications are typically compiled to bytecode (class file) that can run on any Java Virtual Machine (JVM) regardless of computer architecture. 

In the 1990, a small group of Sun engineers called the "Green Team" including Patrick Naughton, Mike Sheridan in the guidance of James Goslings decided to develop an advanced programming language for the betterment of consumer electronic devices. They wanted to make it new software based on the power of networks that can run on different application areas, such as computers and electronic devices. In the year 1991 they make platform independent software and named it Oak after the Green project.
it was renamed as Java and in 1995 the Java 1.0 was officially released to the world.